Individual Writers

Allen, Paula Gunn

Born to a Lebanese American father and a Laguna Pueblo-Sioux mother in Albuquerque in 1939, Paula Gunn Allen was an American writer whose poems, scholarly work, and novels explored the intersectionality of feminism, sexuality, and Native American heritage. She earned a BA in English and an MFA in writing at the University of Oregon and a Ph.D. from the University of New Mexico. Paula Gunn Allen was one of the leading voices in Native American literature and the contemporary women’s spirituality movement. In addition to writing, she taught English, Creative Writing, and American Indian Studies at the University of California. She died in 2008 at the age of 68.

Blind Lion, Berkeley: Thorp Springs Press, 1974.
Coyote’s Daylight Trip, Albuquerque: La Confluencia, 1978.
A Cannon Between my Knees, New York: Strawberry Press, 1981.
Star Child, Marvin: Blue Cloud Quarterly, 1981.
Studies in American Indian Literature: Critical Essays and Course Designs, New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1983.
Shadow Country, Los Angeles: University of California, 1984.
The Woman Who Owned the Shadows, San Francisco: Spinsters, Ink., 1984.
The Sacred Hoop: Recovering the Feminine in American Indian Traditions, Boston: Beacon Press, 1986.
Wyrds, Taurean Horn Press, 1987.
Skins and Bones, New York: West End Press, 1988.
Spider Woman’s Granddaughters: Traditional Tales and Contemporary Writing by Native American Women, Boston: Beacon Press, 1989.
Grandmothers of the Light: A Medicine Woman’s Sourcebook, Boston: Beacon Press, 1991.
Voice of the Turtle: American Indian Literature, New York: Ballantine Books, 1994.
As Long as the Rivers Flow: The Stories of Nine Native Americans, New York: Scholastic, 1996.
Song of the Turtle: American Indian Literature, 1974-1994, New York: Ballantine Books, 1996.
Life is a Fatal Disease: Selected Poems, 1962-1995, New York: West End Press, 1997.
Off the Reservation: Reflections on Boundary-Bustin, Border-Crossing Loose Canons, Boston: Beacon Press, 1998.
Hozho – Walking in Beauty: Native American Stories of Inspiration, Humor, and Life, Los Angeles: Lowell House, 2001.
Pocahontas: Medicine Woman, Spy, Entrepreneur, Diplomat, San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 2003.
America the Beautiful: Last Poems, New York: West End Press, 2010

“Judy Grahn: Gathering of the Tribe.” Contact II 5, no. 27/28/29 (1983).
“Kochinnenako in Academe: Three Approaches to Interpreting a Keres Indian Tale” in Feminisms, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1991.
"Quièn Es Que Anda?" Chicago Review 39, no. 3/4 (1993): 24-26. doi:10.2307/25305710.
“Where I Come From is Like This.” Feminist Frontiers, no. 3 (1993).
“‘Border’ Studies: The Intersection of Gender and Color.” The Ethnic Canon, (1995).
“Burned Alive in the Blues.” Reckonings Oxford, (2008): 3-16.

Paula Gunn Allen's Work in Anthologies, Encyclopedias, and Journals:
“Lament of my Father, Lakota” in Voices from Wah `Kon-Tah: Contemporary Poetry of Native Americans, edited by Robert K. Dodge and Joseph B. McCullough, New York: International Publishers, 1974.
"Two Poems." Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 6, no. 3 (1981): 62-63. doi:10.2307/3346217.
“Tough Love” in Earth Power Coming: Short Fiction in Native American Literature, edited by Simon J. Ortiz, Tsaile: Navajo Community College Press, 1983.
“Angry Women are Building: Issues and Struggles Facing Native American Women” in All American Women: Lines that Divide, Ties that Bind, New York: Free Press, 1986.
"The Warrior." Feminist Studies 14, no. 3 (1988): 428-29. doi:10.2307/3178052.
“Grandmother of the Sun” in Weaving the Visions: New Patterns in Feminist Spirituality, edited by Judith Plaskow and Carol P. Christ, San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1989.
“Deer Woman” in Talking Leaves: Contemporary Native American Short Stories, edited by Craig Lesley and Katheryn Stavrakis, New York: Laurel, 1991.
“They Make Their Climb” in Women’s Friendships: A Collection of Short Stories, edited by Susan Koppelman, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.
"Glastonbury Experience." Religion & Literature 26, no. 1 (1994): 81-87.
“Who is Your Mother?: Red Roots of White Feminism” in From Different Shores: Perspectives on Race and Ethnicity in America, edited by Ronald T. Takaki, New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.
"Essentially, It's Spring." Studies in American Indian Literatures 7, no. 4 (1995): 87.
“The Sacred Hoop: A Contemporary Perspective” in The Ecocriticism Reader: Landmarks in Literary Ecology, edited by Teresa Shewry, Cheryll Glotfelty, and Harold Fromm, Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1996.
“Going Home, December 1992” in Reinventing the Enemy’s Language: Contemporary Native Women’s Writing of North America, edited by Joy Harjo and Gloria Bird, New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1997.
“Sacred Shoes; Kopis’taya (A Gathering of Spirits)” in The Serpent’s Tongue: Prose, Poetry, and Art of the New Mexico Pueblos, edited by Nancy C. Wood, New York: Dutton Books, 1997.
“Rant for Old Teachers” in Wise Women: Reflections of Teachers at Midlife, edited by Phyllis R. Freeman and Jan Zlotnik Schmidt, New York: Routledge, 2000.
“Special Problems in Teaching Leslie Marmon Silko’s Ceremony” in Leslie Marmon Silko’s Ceremony: A Casebook, edited by Allan Richard Chavkin, New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
“The Savages in the Mirror: Phantoms and Fantasies in America” in Eating Fire, Tasting Blood: Breaking the Great Silence of the American Indian Holocaust, edited by MariJo Moore, New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press, 2006.
“Grandmother” in The Penguin Anthology of Twentieth-Century American Poetry, edited by Rita Dove, New York: Penguin Books, 2011.

Critical Work about Paula Gunn Allen:
Jahner, Elaine. "Climbing a Sacred Ladder: Technique in the Poetry of Paula Gunn Allen." Studies in American Indian Literatures 7, no. 3 (1983): 76-80.
Ruppert, Jim. "Paula Gunn Allen and Joy Harjo: Closing the Distance between Personal and Mythic Space." American Indian Quarterly 7, no. 1 (1983): 27-40. doi:10.2307/1183880.
Mills, Ralph J. "Paula Gunn Allen's New Poems." Studies in American Indian Literatures 10, no. 1 (1986): 63-67.
TallMountain, Mary. "Paula Gunn Allen's ‘The One Who Skins Cats’: An Inquiry into Spiritedness." Studies in American Indian Literatures 5, no. 2 (1993): 34-38.
Babb, Genie. "Paula Gunn Allen's Grandmothers: Toward a Responsive Feminist-Tribal Reading of "Two Old Women"" American Indian Quarterly 21, no. 2 (1997): 299-320. doi:10.2307/1185649.
Lupack, Barbara Tepa. American Literature 69, no. 2 (1997): 428-29. doi:10.2307/2928287
Prince-Hughes, Tara. "Contemporary Two-Spirit Identity in the Fiction of Paula Gunn Allen and Beth Brant." Studies in American Indian Literatures 10, no. 4 (1998): 9-32.
Toohey, Michelle Campbell. "Paula Gunn Allen's Grandmothers of the Light: Falling through the Void." Studies in American Indian Literatures 12, no. 3 (2000): 35-51.
Van Dyke, Annette. "A Tribute to Paula Gunn Allen (1939-2008)." Studies in American Indian Literatures, Series 2, 20, no. 4 (2008): 68-75.

Book Reviews:
Jahner, Elaine. “Shadow Country by Paula Gunn Allen.” American Indian Quarterly 7, no. 1 (1983): 84-86. doi:10.2307/1183883.
Ruoff, A. LaVonne Brown. “The Woman Who Owned Shadows: The Autobiography of Ephanie Atencio by Paula Gunn Allen.” Studies in American Indian Literatures 7, no. 3 (1983): 65-69.
Cliff, Michelle. "Journey of the Spirit." The Women's Review of Books 1, no. 6 (1984): 8. doi:10.2307/4019411.
Schoeler, Bo. “The Woman Who Owned the Shadows by Paula Gunn Allen.” Studies in American Indian Literatures 9, no. 4 (1985): 143-147.
Berner, Robert L. “Spider Woman’s Granddaughters: Traditional Tales and Contemporary Writing by Native American Women by Paula Gunn Allen.” World Literature Today 64, no. 2 (1990): 344-45. doi:10.2307/40146565.
Milspaw, Yvonne J. “The Sacred Hoop: Recovering the Feminine in American Indian Traditions by Paula Gunn Allen.” The Journal of American Folklore 103, no. 408 (1990): 245-47. doi:10.2307/541875.
Hans, Birgit. “Paula Gunn Allen. Western Writers Series, Number 96” Studies in American Indian Literatures 3, no. 3 (1991): 86-88.
Van Dyke, Annette. “Grandmothers of the Light: A Medicine Woman’s Sourcebook by Paula Gunn Allen.” NWSA Journal 4, no. 2 (1992): 259-60.
Berner, Robert L. “Life is a Fatal Disease: Collected Poems 1962-1995 by Paula Gunn Allen.” World Literature Today 71, no. 3 (1997): 631. doi:10.2307/40152971.

Cliff, Michelle, Tacie Dejanikus, and Loie Hayes. "Interview: Claiming an Identity: An Interview with Michelle Cliff." off our backs 11, no. 6 (1981): 18-20.
Ballinger, Franchot, Brian Swann, and Paul Gunn Allen. "A MELUS Interview: Paula Gunn Allen." MELUS 10, no. 2 (1983): 3-25. doi:10.2307/467306.
Purdy, John, and Paula Gunn Allen. ""And Then, Twenty Years Later…": A Conversation with Paula Gunn Allen." Studies in American Indian Literatures 9, no. 3 (1997): 5-16.
Braxton, Joanne M., and Paula Gunn Allen. "Pocahontas' Voice: A Conversation with Paula Gunn Allen." The Women's Review of Books 21, no. 8 (2004): 13. doi:10.2307/4024389.

Hubbell Medal for Lifetime Achievement in American Literary Studies – Modern Language Association
Lifetime Achievement Award – Popular and American Culture Associations
Native American Prize for Literature
Lannan Foundation Fellowship

Bibliography compiled by Zane DeZeeuw, May 2017

Allison, Dorothy

The Women Who Hate Me. New York: Long Haul Press, 1983.

Trash. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1988.

The Women Who Hate Me: Poetry, 1980-1990. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1991.

Bastard Out of Carolina. New York: Dutton, 1992. (Paperback edition from Plume, 1993.)

Skin: Talking about Sex, Class, & Literature. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1994.

Two or Three Things I Know for Sure. New York: Dutton, 1995.

Cavedweller. New York: Dutton, 1998.

Allison's work has been translated into multiple languages with numerous editions. These editions are not enumerated here.

Arnold, June


Applesauce. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967.

Baby Houston. Austin: Texas Monthly Press, 1987.

The Cook and the Carpenter: A Novel by the Carpenter. Plainfield, VT: Daughters, Inc., 1973 (This book was originally published with the authorial assignation “the carpenter.”)

Sister Gin. Plainfield, VT: Daughters, Inc., 1975.

Sister Gin. “Afterword” by Jane Marcus. New York: Feminist Press at the City University of New York, 1989.


"Consciousness-Raising" in Women's Liberation: Blueprint for the Future, compiled by Sookie Stambler. New York: Ace Books, 1970: 155-160.

“Feminist Presses and Feminist Politics.” Quest 3 (Summer 1976).

“Lesbian Fiction: A Dialogue.” With Bertha Harris. Sinister Wisdom (July 1975).

“Small Presses: Fine Print.” off our backs 5 (November 1975): 17.

About June Arnold

Cottrell, Debbie Mauldin. “Arnold, June Fairfax Davis.” Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed March 29, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Kelly, Janis. “June Arnold.” off our backs April 1982).

Lowry, Beverly. “June.” In Baby Houston by June Arnold. Austin: Texas Monthly Press, 1987.

Marcus, Jane. “Bringing up Baby.” Women’s Review of Books 5 (October 1987).

Morgan, Ellen. “The Feminist Novels of Androgynous Fantasy.” Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 2 (Fall 1977).

Sears, James Thomas. Rebels, Rubyfruit, and Rhinestones: Queering Space in the Stonewall South.” In chapter 22, “Breaking Silences,” among others. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2001.

Van Ausdall, Mimi Susan Iimuro. “Novel Forms: Race, Class, and Revolution in the Novels of June Arnold and Sharon Isabell.” Chapter 3 in her PhD dissertation Writing Revolution in the 1970s. University of Iowa, 2007.

Zahava, Irene, ed. My Mother’s Daughter. Includes excerpt from Baby Houston. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1991.

Compiled by Joanna Cattonar

Brant, Beth

Beth Brant, 1941-2015, is a poet and essayist from Ontario, Canada. As a Mohawk woman, she also went by the names Degonwadonti and Kaieneke'hak. Her works center around lesbianism, domestic violence, and racial tensions for native representation.

Food & Spirits. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1991.
Testimony from the Faithful. 2003.
Mohawk Trail. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1985.

Anthologies Authored by Brant and in Which Brant Appears:
A Gathering of Spirit: A Collection by North American Women. Editor. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1988.
I'll Sing `til the Day I Die: Conversations with Tyendinaga Elders. Toronto: McGilligan Books, 1995.
Writing as Witness: Essay and Talk. Toronto: Women's Press, 1994.
Bruchac, Joseph, ed. New Voices from the Longhouse: An Anthology of Contemporary Iroquois Writing. Greenfield Center, NY: Greenfield Review Press, 1989.
Barrington, Judith, ed. An Intimate Wilderness: Lesbian Writers on Sexuality. Portland, OR: Eighth Mountain Press, 1991.
Bruchac, Joseph, ed. Songs from This Earth on Turtle's Back: Contemporary American Indian Poetry. Greenfield Center, NY: Greenfield Review Press, 1983.
Dykewords: An Anthology of Lesbian Writing. Ed. Lesbian Writing and Publishing Collective. Toronto: Women's Press, 1990.
Piercy, Marge, ed. Early Ripening: Poetry by Women. New York, Pandora Books, 1987.
Roscoe, Will, ed. Living the Spirit: A Gay American Indian Anthology. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1988.

Other Works:
"Grandmothers of a New World." Women of Power 16 (Spring 1990): 40-47.
"Giveaway: Native Lesbian Writers." Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 18 (Summer 1993): 944-947.
"The Good Red Road." American Indian Culture and Research Journal 21.1 (1997): 193-206.

Critical Work about Brant:
Cullum, Linda E. Contemporary American Ethnic Poets: Lives, Works, Sources . Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004.
Frances, Anne Day. Lesbian and Gay Voices: An Annotated Bibliography and Guide to Literature for Children and Young Adults . Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000.
Kostić, Milena and Vesna Lopičić. "'I will not cease to be': voicing the alternative in Beth Brant's 'A Long Story.'" The Central European Journal of Canadian Studies , vol. 8 issue 1, 2012. Pages 23-30.
Sonneborn, Liz. A to Z of American Indian Women . Infobase Publishing, 2014.
Byron, Glennis and Andrew J. Sneddon. The Body and the Book: Writings on Poetry and Sexuality . Rodopi, 2008.
Womack, Craig S. Art as Performance, Story as Criticism . University of Oklahoma Press, 2014.

Reviews of Brant's Work:
Danielson, Linda L. "Reviewed Work: Mohawk Trail ." Studies in American Indian Literatures , Series 2, Vol. 5, No. 1. 1993. pp. 103-107.
Jakoski, Helen. "Beth Brant (Degonwadonti). Mohawk Trail ." Explorations of Sights and Sounds Journal, No. 2. 1989.
Johnson, Lisa N. "A Review of Food and Spirits .", GLBT Reviews from ALA's Gay Lesbian Bisexual Transgender Round Table. 1991.
Justice, Daniel Heath. "Daniel Heath Justice recommends Writing as Witness by Beth Brant." Edited by Jane van Koeverden. (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation), CBC Books, 2017.

"Beth Brant" under Poets , Poetry Foundation,

Cliff, Michelle

Born in Kingston, Jamaica and raised in New York, Michelle Cliff was a Jamaican-American writer whose short stories, novels, and essays explored race, gender, sexuality, and post-colonialism. She received her BA in European History from Warner College and her Master of Philosophy at the Warburg Institute. Cliff worked at Time-Life Books, W.W. Norton, and held positions at various colleges. Cliff died in 2016 at the age of 69, just two years after her partner, Adrienne Rich, passed away.


Claiming an Identity They Taught Me to Despise. Watertown: Persephone Press, 1980.
Abeng: A Novel. Trumansburg: Crossing Press, 1984.
The Land of Look Behind: Prose and Poetry. Ithaca: Firebrand Books, 1985.
No Telephone to Heaven. New York: Dutton, 1987.
Bodies of Water. New York: Dutton, 1990.
Free Enterprise. New York: Dutton, 1993.
The Store of a Million Items: Stories. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1998.
If I Could Write This in Fire. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008.
Into the Interior. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010.
Everything is Now: New and Collected Stories. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009.

"Object Into Subject: Some thoughts on the Work of Black Women Artists." Heresies. 1983.
"Clare Savage as a Crossroads Character." Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First International Conference. 1990.
"History as Fiction, Fiction as History." Ploughshares 20, no. 2/3 (1994): 196-202.
"Colonial Girl: and What Would it be Like." Sex and the Citizen: Interrogating the Caribbean. 2011.


“Notes on Speechlessness.” Sinister Wisdom, no. 5. 1978.
“Anonymity and the Denial of the Self.” Sinister Wisdom, no. 9, 1979.
“A Review of Between a Rock and a Hard Place by Joan Gibbs.” Sinister Wisdom, no. 13, 1980.
“Notes on a Magazine.” Sinister Wisdom, no. 17, 1981.
“Marking Soul, Creating Alchemy: a review of This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Colour.” Sinister Wisdom, no. 19, 1982.
“If I could Write this in Fire, I would Write this in Fire” in Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology, edited by Barbara Smith. New York: Kitchen Table – Women of Color Press, 1983.
“Sister/Outsider: Some Thoughts on Simone Weil” in Between Women: Biographers, Novelists, Critics, Teachers, and Artists Write About Their Work on Women, edited by Carol Ascher, Louise A. DeSalvo, and Sara Ruddick. Boston: Beacon Press, 1984.
“A Journey Into Speech; If I could Write this in Fire, I would Write This in Fire” in Multi-Cultural Literacy, edited by Rick Simonson and Scott Walker. Saint Paul: Graywolf Press, 1988.
“Clare Savage as a Crossroads Character” in Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First International Conference, edited by Selwyn Reginald Cudjoe. Wellesley: Calaloux Publications, 1990.
“Object into Subject: Some Thoughts on the work of Black Women Artists” in Making Face, Making Soul = Haciendo Caras: Creative and Critical Perspectives by Feminists of Color, edited by Gloria Anzaldúa. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Foundation Books, 1990.
“Columba” in Green Cane and Juicy Flotsam: Short Stories by Caribbean Women, edited by Carmen C Esteves and Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1991.
“Screen Memory” in Calling the Wind: Twentieth Century African-American Short Stories, edited by Clarence Major. New York: HarperPerennial, 1993.
“A History of Costume” in The Oxford Book of Women’s Writing in the United States, edited by Linda Wagner-Martin and Cathy N. Davidson, 301-304. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.
“Columba” in Ancestral House: The Black Short Story in the Americas and Europe, edited by Charles H Rowell. Boulder: Westview Press, 1995.
“Within the Veil; Columba” in The Norton Anthology of African American Literature, edited by Henry Louis Gates Nellie Y. McKay. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1996. (also 1997, 2004)
“Transactions” in The Best American Short Stories, 1997: Selected from U.S. and Canadian Magazines, edited by Annie Proulx and Katrina Kenison. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.
“Excerpt from Abeng” in The Whistling Bird: Women Writers of the Caribbean, edited by Elaine Campbell and Pierrette M Frickey. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1998.
“Ecce Homo” in Black Like Us: A Century of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual African American Fiction 2000, edited by Devon W. Carbado, Dwight A McBride, Donald Weise, and Evelyn C White. San Francisco: Cleis Press, 2002.
“Women’s Work” in Poems from the Women’s Movement, edited by Honor Moore. New York: Library of America, 2009.

Critical Work about Cliff:
Smith, Sidonie and Julia Watson. “Of Mangoes and Maroons: Language, History, and the Multicultural Subject of Michelle Cliff’s Abeng” in De/Colonizing the Subject: The Politics of Gender in Women’s Autobiography. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1992.
Aegerter, Lindsay Pentolfe. "Michelle Cliff and the Paradox of Privilege." College English 59, no. 8 (1997): 898-915. doi:10.2307/378298.
Chancy, Myriam J. A. “Remembering Ourselves: The Power of the Erotic in Works by Audre Lorde, Rosa Guy, and Michelle Cliff; Exile, Resistance, Home: Retelling History in the Writings of Michelle Cliff and Marie Chauvet” in Searching for Safe Spaces: Afro-Caribbean Women Writers in Exile. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1997.
Rody, Caroline. “Decolonizing Jamaica’s Daughter: Learning History in the Novels of Michelle Cliff” in The Daughter’s Return: African-American and Caribbean Women’s Fictions of History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Ilmonen, Kaisa. “Creolizing the Queer: Close Encounters of Race and Sexuality in the Novels of Michelle Cliff.” Close Encounters of an Other Kind: New Perspectives on Race, Ethnicity and American Studies, 2005.
Fenton, Jocelyn Stitt. “Gendered Legacies of Romantic Nationalism in the Works of Michelle Cliff.” Small Axe: A Journal of Criticism, no. 24 (2007): 52-72.
Maisier, Veronique. “Representations of History in Michelle Cliff’s and Patrick Chamoiseau’s Novels.” Journal of West Indian Literature vol. 20, no. 1 (2011). 51-69.

Book Reviews of Cliff's Work:
Gomez, Jewelle. "Coming of Age in Jamaica." The Women's Review of Books 1, no. 8 (1984): 5-6. doi:10.2307/4019482.
Smilowitz, Erika J. "Tales of the Caribbean." The Women's Review of Books 5, no. 2 (1987): 13-14. doi:10.2307/4020090.
Scales-Trent, Judy. "Produced and Abandoned." The Women's Review of Books 7, no. 12 (1990): 15. doi:10.2307/4020846.
McDowell, Deborah. "Taking Liberties with History." The Women's Review of Books 11, no. 10/11 (1994): 32-33. doi:10.2307/4021882.

Cliff, Michelle, Tacie Dejanikus, and Loie Hayes. "Interview: Claiming an Identity: An Interview with Michelle Cliff." Off Our Backs 11, no. 6 (1981): 18-20.
Schwartz, Meryl F., and Michelle Cliff. "An Interview with Michelle Cliff." Contemporary Literature 34, no. 4 (1993): 595-619. doi:10.2307/1208803.
Judith Raiskin, and Michelle Cliff. "The Art of History: An Interview with Michelle Cliff." The Kenyon Review 15, no. 1 (1993): 57-71.
Adisa, Opal Palmer. "Journey into Speech-A Writer between Two Worlds: An Interview with Michelle Cliff." African American Review 28, no. 2 (1994): 273-81. doi:10.2307/3041999.

Lindfors, Bernth and Reinhard Sander. “Michelle Cliff” in Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers. Detroit: Gale Research, 1996.
Novak, Terry “Michelle Cliff” in Contemporary African American Novelists: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook, edited by Emmanuel S Nelson. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1999.
Hogeland, Lisa Maria and Mary Klages“Michelle Cliff 1946” in The Aunt Lute Anthology of U.S. Women Writers, edited by Lisa Maria Hogeland and Mary Klages. Edition: First Edition, 2004.
Basu, Lopamudra “Michelle Cliff” in Encyclopedia of African American Women Writers, edited by Yolanda Williams Page. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2007.

Michelle Cliff papers, 1982-1994. MS 3242. Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.

Michelle Cliff archive at Spelman College.
Items of note:
complete set of all the different editions of Michelle Cliff's books, including some bound galleys and translations
family and childhood photographs
six U.S. passports, issued 1968, '73, '78, '83, '93, '04
Michelle Cliff's diplomas from high school, college, and grad school at the Warburg Institute
M. Phil dissertation from Warburg on renaissance history
misc. papers relating to a visit by Queen Elizabeth at the Warburg Institute including two photos of the Queen with E.H. Gombrich
letter of recommendation by E.H. Gombrich, letter of recommendation by Gene Farmer at TimeLife Books
digital files of drafts of stories and translations from Cliff's laptop
a short typescript (unexamined) that may be a collection of talks and lectures and may be an original unpublished work
posters related to Cliff's public lectures
ephemera and decorative items from Cliff's study
framed letter from Ann Petry to Michelle Cliff
books related to art history, Caribbean studies, African American history, some signed by the authors, or inscribed to Michelle Cliff (including the Handbook of Black Librarianship signed by Ann Allen Shockley)

Bibliography Compiled by Zane DeZeeuw. May 2017

Drury, Joan

Drury, Joan M. The Other Side of Silence. Minneapolis, MN: Spinsters Ink, 1993.

Drury, Joan M. Silent Words. Duluth, MN: Spinsters Ink, 1996.

Drury, Joan M. Closed in Silence. Duluth, MN: Spinsters Ink, 1998.

Drury, Joan M. Those Jordan Girls. Duluth, MN: Spinsters Ink, 2000.

Feinberg, Leslie

Transgender Liberation: A Movement Whose Time Has Come. New York, NY: World View Forum, 1992.
Stone Butch Blues. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1993. (Los Angeles: Alyson Books, 2003.)
Transgender Warriors: Making History from Joan of Arc to Dennis Rodman. Beacon Press, 1996.
Trans Liberation: Beyond Pink or Blue. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1998
Drag King Dreams. New York, NY: Carrol and Graf, 2006.

Rainbow Solidarity: In Defense of Cuba. New York, NY: World View Forum, 2008.

Hales, Carol

Wind Woman. Woodford Press, 1953.

Such is My Beloved. Reprint of Wind Woman.

The author was also known as Lora Sela and wrote "I Am a Lesbian" under that name.

Jewell, Terri L.

Our Names Are Many: The Black Woman's Book of Days. Trumansburg, NY: Crossing Press, 1996.

Succulent Heretic. (chapbook) Lansing, MI: Opal Tortuga Press, 1994.

The Black Woman's Gumbo Ya-Ya: Quotations by Black Women. Trumansburg, NY: Crossing Press, 1993.

The papers of Terri Jewell are housed at Michigan State University. For more information:

Terri L. Jewell obituary:

Secondary Sources

Jean, Valerie. "Writing Survival" in Flat-footed Truths: Telling Black Women's Lives, edited by Patricia Bell-Scott with Juanita Johnson-Bailey. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1998.

Moraga, Cherrie

Moraga, Cherríe and Gloria Anzaldúa. This bridge called my back: writings by radical women of color. Watertown, MA: Persephone Press, 1981.

Loving in the War Years. Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 1983, 2003.

The Last Generation. Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 1993.

Waiting in the Wings. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1997.

Xicana Codex of Changing Consciousness: Writings 2000-2010. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2011.

Nestle, Joan

A Restricted Country

Persistent Desire

A Fragile Union

Penelope, Julia


Call Me Lesbian: Lesbian Lives, Lesbian Theory. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1992.

Crossword Puzzles for Women: 60 Never-Before- Published Puzzles. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1995.

Flinging Wide the Eyed Universe: Poems. Athol, MA: Haley’s, 1998.

Speaking Freely: unlearning the lies of the fathers’ tongues. New York: Pergamon Press, 1990.

What’s in a Name: The Politics of Naming. Chicago: Northeastern Illinois University, 1974.


Sexual Practice/Textual Theory: Lesbian Cultural Criticism. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell
Publishers, 1993.


Out of the Class Closet: Lesbians Speak. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1994.


Found Goddesses: Asphalta to Viscera. Norwich, VT: New Victoria Publishers, 1988.


For Lesbians Only: A Separatist Anthology. London: Onlywomen Press, 1988.

Sinister Wisdom 15. A special issue on violence against women, 1981.


Lesbian Culture: an anthology: The Lives, Work, Ideas, Art and Visions of Lesbians Past and Present. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1993.

The Coming Out Stories. Foreword by Adrienne Rich. Watertown, MA: Persephone Press, 1980.

The Original Coming Out Stories. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press,1989.


Finding the Lesbians: Personal Accounts From Around the World. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1990.

International Feminist Fiction. Introduction by Valerie Miner. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1992.


Three Russian Women Poets: Anna Akhmatova, Marina Tsvetayeva, Bella Akhmadulina. Julia Penelope with Bella Akhmadulina and Anna Andreevna Akhmatova. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1995.


[Review of] “‘Concrete’ Poetry from East and West Germany: The Language of Exemplarism and Experimentalism.” The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 38 (Spring 1980): 333-36.

“A Cursory and Precursory History of Language, and the Telling of It”

“Fact and Interpretation: Reflections in a Golden Eye.” Prairie Schooner 51 (Fall 1977): 312-13.

“Heteropatriarchal Semantics: ‘Just Two Kinds of People in the World.’” Lesbian Ethics 2
(Fall 1986): 58-80.

“Homosexual Slang.” American Speech 45 (Spring-Summer 1970): 45-59.

“Let the Silence Be Broken.” Prairie Schooner 52 (Fall 1978): 298-99.

“The Mystery of Lesbians.” Gossip #1 (1986): 9-45.

“The Mystery of Lesbians: III” from Lesbian Ethics 1 (1985) [no page].

“Sexist Grammar.” College English 39 (1978): 800-11.

“Sexist Slang and the Gay Community.” Occasional Papers in Women’s Studies (1979) Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.

“Toward a Feminist Aesthetic.” Chrysalis 6 [no date] 57-71.

“When We Say ‘Out of the Closets!’” College English (November 1974): 385-91


“Woman and Wife: Social and semantic shifts in English” Paper in Linguistics 12 (1979): 491-502.


“Forced inference: Uses and abuses of the passive.” Paper in Linguistics 10 (1977): 299-311.

“Lesbian Humor.” Women: A Journal of Liberation 5 (1977): 26-29.

“Linguistic problems with patriarchal reconstructions of Indo-European culture: A little more than kin, a little less than kind.” Women’s Studies International Quarterly 3 (1980): 227-37.

“Sexist Slang and the Gay Community: Are You One Too?” Occasional Papers in Women’s Studies (1979) Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.


“Chomsky’s ‘Ideal’ Native Speaker:Sexism in Synchronic Linguistics.” Paper presented at the annual convention of the Modern Language Association, New York, New York, December 27-30, 1978. ERIC database. OCLC number: 425829838. Accession number: ED179078.

“Language and Power: English as a Patriarchal Language.” Paper presented at the Conference on College Composition and Communication, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 5-7, 1979. ERIC database. OCLC number: 425921127. Accession number: ED172252.

“Sexist Slang and the Gay Community: Are You One Too?” with Susan Robbins. Paper presented at the Modern Language Association, December 1976 [Reprinted as Michigan Occasional Paper No. XIV].

“The Sexist Tradition: Words and Meaning.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council of Teachers of English, New York, New York, November 24-26, 1977. ERIC database. OCLC number: 426994762. Accession number: ED 162303.

“Target Structure and Rule Conspiracies: Syntactic Exploitation” paper presented at the Theory of Rhetoric Conference, Minneapolis, Minnesota, May 5-6 1978. ERIC database. OCLC number: 425377053. Accession number: ED157392.

“Teaching Lesbian Novels: From Proposal to Reality.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council of Teachers of English, Kansas City, Missouri, November 23-25, 1978. ERIC database. OCLC number: 425943743. Accession number: ED168012.


“The problem of unity in poetry: a linguistic approach;" [abstract] Thesis/dissertation. Austin: The University of Texas, 1971.


“Lesbian Separatism: The Linguistic and Social Sources of Separatist Politics.” In The Gay Academic, edited by Louie Crew, 121-31. Palm Springs, CA: ETC Publications, 1978.

“Paradigmatic Women: the Prostitute.” In Papers in Language Variation, edited by D. L. Shores and C. P. Hine, 303-21. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1977.

“Passing Lesbians: The High Cost of Femininity.” In An Intimacy of Equals: Lesbian Feminist Ethics,edited by Lilian Mohin, 118-52. London: Onlywomen Press, 1996.


“Consciousness as Style; Style as Aesthetic.” In Language, Gender, and Society, edited by Barrie Thorne, Cheri Kramarae, and Nancy Henley, 125-39. Rowley, MA: Newburg, 1983.

“Crooked and Straight in Academia.” In Pulling Our Own Strings, edited by Gloria Kaufman and Mary Kay Blakely, 119. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1980.

“Mother Wit: Tongue in Cheek.” In Lavender Culture, edited by Karla Jay and Allen Young. 299-307. New York: Jove Publications (Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich), 1978.


[No title] Journal of Homosexuality. 3 (1977): 91-94.


Behind Closed Doors: the dark legacy of the Johns Committee by Allyson Beutke and Scott Litvack Gainesville, FL: University of Florida, Department of Journalism, Documentary Institute, 2000. [Includes interviews with Merril Mushroom and Julia Penelope.]

Summary: The Legislative Investigation Committee probed unpopular groups in Florida during the 1950’s and ‘60s. Also known as the Johns Committee, investigators questioned civil rights activists, suspected Communists and homosexuals. Includes live interviews with Art Copleston, Merril Mushroom, and Julia Penelope; and a narrative about Sigmund Diettrich (who is now deceased) by former colleagues.” www.worldcat/org/title/behind-closed-doors/oclc/59758907&referer=brief_r...


“Julia Penelope from Lesbiana – A Parallel Revolution” from Myriam Fougere


Julia Penelope's papers are held by Duke University. For more information:


For obituaries and remembrances of Julia Penelope, go here:

Bibliography compiled by Joanna Cattonar.

Scott, Claudia

Lesbian Writer: Collected Work of Claudia Scott. Edited by Frances Hanckel and Susan Windle. Tallahassee, FL: Naiad Press, 1981.

In This Morning. Chicago, IL: Tree Frog Press, 1979.

Portrait. Chicago, IL: Lavender Press, 1974.

Sela, Lora

Push-over. Fabian, 1958.

I am a Lesbian. Saber Books, 1958.

Camera Bait. Saber Books, 1960.

Unknown Tomorrows. Saber Books, 1961.

Tsui, Kitty

Nightvision. 1982.

The Words of a Woman Who Breathes Fire. Spinsters Ink, 1983.

Breathless. Firebrand Books, 1996.

Sparks Fly. Writing as Eric Norton. BadBoy Books, 1997.

de la tierra, tatiana

Born in Colombia and raised in Miami, Florida, tatiana de la tierra was a bilingual and bicultural writer, exploring issues of Latina identity, sexuality, and social activism. She received her Master’s degree of Fine Arts in Creative Writing from the University of Texas at El Paso and a Master of Library Science from University at Buffalo. As an editor and contributor, tatiana de la tierra founded the Latina lesbian publications Esto no Tiene Nombre, Conmoción and La telaraña. In 2012, she passed away in Long Beach, California.


Para Las Duras: Una Fenomenologia Lesbiana / For the Hard Ones: A Lesbian Phenomenology. San Diego: Calaca, 2002.
Píntame Una Mujer Peligrosa. Buffalo, NY: Chibcha, 2005.

Porcupine Love and Other Tales from My Papaya. Buffalo (266 Elmwood Ave. #104, Buffalo 14222): Chibcha, 2005.

Biop-see. Alexandria, VA: Alexander Street, 2005.
Desire and the Doll. Alexandria, VA: Alexander Street, 2005
Dreaming of You. Alexandria, VA: Alexander Street, 2005.
Girls Gotta Be Girls. Alexandria, VA: Alexander Street, 2005. Print.
It Is Another Wonderful Day. Alexandria, VA: Alexander Street, 2005.
This Is About Pleasure. Alexandria, VA: Alexander Street, 2005.
The Uncollected Fiction of Tatiana De La Tierra. Alexandria, VA: Alexander Street, 2005.
The Uncollected Poems of Tatiana De La Tierra. Alexandria, VA: Alexander Street, 2005.
Tierra, Tatiana De La, and Anna Cooke. Xía Y Las Mil Sirenas. Guadalajara, Jalisco, México: Editorial Patlatonalli, 2009.


"Activist Latina Lesbian Publishing: Esto No Tiene Nombre and Conmoción." Aztlan: A Journal of Chicano Studies, 27.1 (2002): 139-78.

"Aliens and Others in Search of the Tribe in Academe." This Bridge We Call Home Radical Visions for Transformation. Ed. Gloria Anzaldua and AnaLouise Keating. New York: Routledge, 2002.

"Compañeras : Latina Lesbians : An Anthology." Compañeras: Latina Lesbians: An Anthology. By Juanita Ramos. New York: Routledge, 1994.

“Dancing with Daisy.” Gynomite: Fearless Feminist Porn. Ed. Liz Belile. New Orleans: New Mouth from the Dirty South, 2000. 30-35.

"The Fire in My Heart." This Bridge We Call Home Radical Visions for Transformation. Ed. Gloria Anzaldúa and AnaLouise Keating. Florence: Taylor and Francis, 2013.

"In Gay Code: Everything We Should Know." School Library Journal 48.4 (2002): S51.

"Jaime Manrique (1949)." LGBTQ America Today: An Encyclopedia. Ed. John C. Hawley and Emmanuel S. Nelson. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2009. 716.

“Latin American Lesbian-Feminists Together in Mexico.” Visibilities Sep./Oct. 1988: 8-11.

"Latina Lesbian Literature." Encyclopedia of Hispanic-American Literature. Ed. Luz Elena. Ramirez. New York, NY: Facts On File, 2008. 192-94.

“A Lesbian Journey Through the Fog.” Viva Arts Quarterly 1995: 15-16.

"Neurotic Love Letters." Journal of Lesbian Studies 8.3 (2004): 93-96.

"Queer books bloom in Spain." Curve, June 2004, p. 52+. Academic OneFile.

"Rebirthing." Journal of Internal Medicine 13.9 (1998): 650-53.SpringerLink.


"Argentina: Lesbian Visibility." Ms Magazine, vol. 1, no. 6, 05 1991, pp. 16. GenderWatch.

"Barriers to Selecting Materials about Sexual and Gender Diversity."Serving LGBTIQ Library and Archives Users: Essays on Outreach, Service, Collections and Access. Jefferson, NC: McFarland &,, 2011.

“Coming Out and Creating Queer Awareness in the Classroom: An Approach from the U.S.-Mexican Border." Lesbian and Gay Studies and the Teaching of English: Positions, Pedagogies, and Cultural Politics. Ed. William J. Spurlin. Urbana: National Council of Teachers of English, 2000. 163.

"Jail Time for Beginners." Latino Heretics. Ed. Tony Diaz. Normal, IL: Published by Fiction Collective Two, 1999. 67.

"A Latina Lesbian Activists's Survival Guide, O Mejor Dicho, Activism De-mystified, De-glorified & De-graded." Latino Heretics. Ed. Tony Diaz. Normal, IL: Published by Fiction Collective Two, 1999. 64-67.

“Prisoner of Hope: Gustavo Álvarez Gardeazábal.” El Andar 12.1 Spring 2001: 50-53.

"Silencing Our Lady : La Respuesta De Alma." I Am Aztlán: The Personal Essay in Chicano Studies. Ed. Chon A. Noriega and Wendy Laura. Belcher. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center, 2008.

“Swine-juvenile Literature? : Good Cataloging vs. Good Public Service." Radical Cataloging: Essays at the Front. By K. R. Roberto and Sanford Berman. Jefferson (North Carolina): McFarland, 2008.

“Juego.” The Second Coming. Ed. Pat Califia and Robin Sweeney. Los Angeles: Alyson, 1996. 224.

Book Reviews

"Candelaria." Library Journal 126.13 (2001): S33.

"The Friends I Lost." Library Journal 126.10 (2001): S25.

"Garbageland." Library Journal 126.13 (2001): S28.

"I Sex, You Sex, We ...: A Guide to Fully Living Your Sexuality." Library Journal 126.10 (2001): S40.

"Of All Things Visible and Invisible." School Library Journal 48.4 (2002): S34.

"Season of Hell." School Library Journal 48.4 (2002): S48.

"Sun of My Fancy: Poetic Anthology of Gay Eroticism." School Library Journal 48.4 (2002): S48.

"Queen of America." School Library Journal 48.8 (2002): S33.

"Woman as Word." The Lesbian Review of Books I.4 (1995): 12. ProQuest. Web. 4 Mar. 2017.


tatiana de la tierra's writing, #7710. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.

tatiana de la tierra Latina lesbian magazine collection, CEMA 167. Department of Special Collections, UC Santa Barbara Library, University of California, Santa Barbara.

Tatiana de la Tierra Papers, 124, UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center, University of California, Los Angeles.


Castro, Nivea. "Tatiana De La Tierra: The ¿Cuándo Supiste? Interview, 9 July 2012." Sinister Wisdom 97 (2015): 175-96.

Compiled by Sara Gregory (March 2017).